PEDIATRIC OPTOMETRICS

Faculty of Health Sciences (FMPOSUCAD) in Dakar, SENEGAL

One quarter of the content of the University Diploma in Pediatric Ophthalmology is dedicated to optics and optometrics and is taught by our team of pediatric optometrists.

The first ten years in a human being is the key for all the organs and the structure of the human body development, especially for the organ of vision. During this period of time whichever variation, pathology or lack of stimulation, is just enough to have and impact on the good development of human visual function.

Training pediatric optometrists is essential to achieve a good development and an optimal visual system in the maturity. The lack of visual health professionals may represent a greater number of visually impaired being dependent in their adulthood. Therefore, the role of the pediatric optometrist not only consist in the child visual attention, but also guarantee the future visual health population to develop an active and healthy society.

CONTEXT AND SITUATION IN SENEGAL 

According to data from the Senegal United States (2019), it is among the poorest in the world.  It is ranked 166 of 189 countries in the Human Development Index (HDI) . The median life expectancy of its population is 67 years. Its birth rate has been one of the highest in the world with an average of  more than 5 children per mother  (greater in rural areas) for more than three decades. The high sustained level of fertility reflects the inequality of gender, the low use of contraceptives, early marriages and maternity, and the lack of education, especially among women. Its GDP per inhabitant in 2018 was 355€/year, in Spain was 25.730€, equivalent to  72 times less  than in our country.

 

Population

SENEGAL

SPAIN

 

GDP per inhabitant (€)

(Gross Domestic Product)

SENEGAL

SPAIN

 

Human Development Index (HDI)

%

SENEGAL

%

SPAIN

 

Inequality-adjusted HDI

%

SENEGAL

%

SPAIN

 

Life expectancy

SENEGAL

SPAIN

 

HDI Ranking

of a total of 189 countries

SENEGAL

SPAIN

 

Gender Development Index (GDI)

%

SENEGAL

%

SPAIN

VISUAL HEALTH CONTEXT

According to data from the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB-WHO), the prevalence of blindness was estimated at 1.4% in 2018, which equates to 140,000 blind people and 420,000 visually impaired, 75% of these cases being curable or avoidable, being decades of the ratio of 0.15% of our country.

They count with just 112 Advanced Ophthalmology Technicians (AOT) for the whole country, 1 per 142,857, in Spain we have 17,000, 1 per 2,765 people. In other words:

 

Blind people

SENEGAL

SPAIN

 

Optometrists

SENEGAL

SPAIN

 

Optometrists

per million inhabitants

SENEGAL

SPAIN

Ophthalmologists

SENEGAL

SPAIN

 

Ophthalmologists

per million inhabitants

SENEGAL

SPAIN

CURRENT COLLABORATORS

SOUTH

NORTH

 

CURRENT FINANCING

PREVIOUS COLLABORATORS

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